The host partner of the IJL TAPIOCA, build in association with the IRD, are the Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE) and the Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE). Scientific cooperation between French and Brazilians scientists in the field of tropical Atlantic climate change initiated in 1980 with numerous national and international projects (e.g. FOCAL, TOGA, WOCE, CLIVAR, PIRATA, TACE, MADE, GODAE). During the last years, integrated pluridisciplinary projects have been developed to respond the current challenges of global change (Table 1).
Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE)
At UFPE , the Department of Oceanography (DOCEAN) is the oldest and largest centre of Oceanography in North and Northeast of Brazil. The DOCEAN is constituted by nine research laboratories: Phytoplankton, Zooplankton, nekton, phytobenthos, zoobenthos, Sea Water Chemistry, Physics, Geology, Mariculture, and also an Oceanographic Museum. The Master/PhD Program in Oceanography (PPGO) has contributed to the formation of 342 masters and 146 PhDs. The team of the Project is developing research directly with the DOCEAN and also with the Center for Risk Analysis and Environmental Modelling – CEERMA, located at UFPE.
Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE)
Two Departments (Fisheries and Aquaculture, and Statistics and Informatics) of the UFRPE participate to the IJL TAPIOCA. The Department of Statistics and Informatics has three main areas: Statistics, Informatics and Computing Systems. The Department of Fisheries and has been contributing to the formation of professionals in fisheries, aquaculture, fishery technology, oceanography and applied ecology since 1970. This Department is also responsible for the Post-Graduate Program in Fisheries Resources and Aquaculture (Master and PhD). Currently about 100 students develop their studies with a multidisciplinary approach.
IRD (main partner, France)
Four IRD joint research units (UMR) are official members of the IJL TAPIOCA, involving people from IRD but also from other French institutes (CNES, CNRS, IFREMER, MNHN) and Universities: (UBO, UM, UPMC, UPS):
LEGOS: Laboratoire d’Etudes en Géophysique et Océanographie Spatiales (UMR065, CNES/CNRS/IRD/UPS)
LEGOS is a multidisciplinary research laboratory working on key environmental issues related to ocean health and its response to climatic forcing. LEGOS develops original algorithms for oceanography and the acquisition of in situ data. LEGOS is also leader in the development of sensors and development of new generation numerical models. LEGOS researchers contribute also to the scientific developments of operational oceanography at Mercator Océan. IRD team of LEGOS coordinates PIRATA in France and is strongly involved in West Africa through its team in Cotonou/Benin (projects PROPAO & ALOC-GG and capacity building with regional Master & PhD) in interaction with Brazilian partners (UFPE).
LEMAR: Laboratoire des sciences de l’Environnement Marin (UMR195, IRD/CNRS/UBO/ IFREMER)
The LEMAR is a laboratory, which main research objectives are to understand and model marine systems, and to study the environment, the organism characteristics and their interactions. The laboratory is organised around three main teams: 1/organisms responses to global changes, 2/biotic interactions and environment variability, 3/integrated studies of ecosystem functioning. The third team, particularly involved within TAPIOCA, aims at understanding how global changes impact, and are also impacted by, marine ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles. Pelagic and benthic ecosystems are studied by a combination of field observations including underwater acoustics, laboratory experiments, proxy calibration and modelling.
LOCEAN: Laboratoire d’Océanographie et du Climat: Expérimentations et Approches Numériques (UMR182, IRD/CNRS/UPMC/MNHN)
The research at LOCEAN aims at understanding the ocean variability (physics, biogeochemistry, biology) and its role on climate variability at different spatial/temporal scales, combining observations and numerical modelling analysis. LOCEAN is part of IPSL, a large federation regrouping laboratories involved in climate science. Various activities developed in the IJL TAPIOCA are consistent with LOCEAN on-going projects, objectives and expertise particularly in mesoscale/submesoscale physical and biogeochemical oceanic processes, dynamics of continental shelf, biodiversity, and regional climate.
MARBEC: Marine Biodiversity, Exploitation and Conservation (UMR248, IRD/Ifremer/UM/CNRS)
Research at MARBEC focusses on the study of marine biodiversity in lagoon, coastal and offshore ecosystems, at different integration levels (molecular, individual, population and community), and on the way humans use this biodiversity. It is organised around three main objectives: (i) describe marine biodiversity, understand its dynamics and the functioning of marine ecosystems; (ii) analyse the impact of anthropogenic pressure on these ecosystems and develop responses scenarii to global change, and (iii) reconcile exploitation and conservation, and respond to societal expectations. MARBEC is involved in the cooperation with the Brazilian partners of TAPIOCA (UFPE and UFRPE) on a variety of thematic including biologging, ecosystem acoustics, isotopes analysis and microchemistry.
The LOG laboratory (Laboratory of Oceanology and Geosciences) is a research unit that brings together the CNRS, the University of Lille, and the University of the Coastal Opal Coast.
Associated Institutions, Brazil
• Instituto Nacional de Pesquisa Espacial (INPE)
• Universidade Federal do Bahia (UFBA)
• Universidade Federal do Maranhão (UFMA)
• Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA)
• Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG)
• Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia (UFRA)
Associated structures, France
• ESPACE-DEV – Espace pour le développement (IRD/U. Guyane/U. Réunion/U. Antilles/UM)
• GET – Laboratoire Géosciences Environnement Toulouse (CNES/CNRS/IRD/UPS)
• IMAGO – Instrumentation, Moyens Analytiques, Observatoires en Géophysique et Océanographie
• LOPS – Laboratoire d’Océanographie Physique et Spatiale (CNRS/IFREMER/IRD/UBO)
• MERCATOR Ocean, a French operational agency for oceanography
• MIO – Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography (CNRS/IRD/AMU/UTLN)
• CEBC – Centre d’Études Biologiques de Chizé